Sherry Turkle and the contributors use memoirs, psychoanalysis, and ethnography to illuminate our attachments, our grief, our compulsions, our use of things to explore life and death, to shape new selves. Their insights make this book important reading not only for professionals but for everybody who wonders where innovation is taking us. What a remarkable book—like a magic toolbox out of this volume come objects with stories: cellphones, dialysis machines, defibrillators, websites, and much more. Using fieldwork, clinical work, and memory work, Sherry Turkle and her terrific contributors make the material world a place of living meanings that tell a great deal about who we are—and who we are becoming.
Even more: this is a sophisticated book that is great fun to read.
The Flight From Conversation
Margaret E. Search Search. Search Advanced Search close Close. Preview Preview. The Inner History of Devices Edited by Sherry Turkle Memoir, clinical writings, and ethnography inform new perspectives on the experience of technology; personal stories illuminate how technology enters the inner life. Request Permissions Exam copy. Overview Author s Praise. Summary Memoir, clinical writings, and ethnography inform new perspectives on the experience of technology; personal stories illuminate how technology enters the inner life. Invest some time into reading about technology before presenting pseudo-science to the masses.
Maybe your article should discuss mature video games intended for adults. Many violent games these days can be classified by the ERSB system to be nearly non-violent. Great examples are many Nintendo games aimed for all audiences, and may have comic violence; unlike mature games that may contain what you describe. I will say you need to take your research a little more seriously here. You are perpetuating pseudoscience in this article by not properly categorizing the information you are presenting.
It is misleading to parents, and references you provide are sometimes unreliable as others here have pointed out. I wanted to give this information to you, so maybe you can revise and present this article without treating video games as handheld devices. Consider the following two research studies, and then get back to us with your thoughts? Those who watched pro-social, slow paced Caiou cartoon did not show executive function changes. How about the 10 reasons that handheld devices should be available for all children. Even with wifi turned off.
There are apps for fractions, time, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, etc that can help kids of all learning levels and disabilities succeed and learn in a stress free environment. This is used with non-verbal kids as well. The digital presentations provide a lot more opportunity for idea expression as children are not hindered by their physical hand writing or other physical skills. With handheld devices Children are no longer limited to what they get spoon fed in small doses by teachers and parents, they are no longer limited to the books they can afford, find or read, they are no longer limited by any physical limitations of their handwriting, and they are no longer limited by the restrictions of the concrete.
In not so many years handheld devices will be the new pencil. The most amazing thing is the learning is unlimited. There is no doubt that tech has advantages when used in moderation as per expert guidelines e. Developmental delay, obesity, diabetes, sleep deprivation, attachment disorders which are conveniently termed mental illness , aggression, tantrums, attention deficit, learning disability, DNA fragmentation, brain tumors….
Technology is an experiment, and is being forced on children by parents and teachers, largely to free up time to connect to their own tech. Would you be able to email me some of the articles relating to the topic of overstimulation with toddlers? I look forward to reading it.
Kris — Great stuff. I strongly urge you to follow up later with any stats that appear say six months from now if anyone is monitoring the behavior to see if the chart needs any tweaking. People need something to go by — and if its something proven, they will be more likely to follow it. A small comment about the table in the article.
A parent should never approve this. I have been fighting Wi-Fi in our Schools for about six years now and the Trustees and Superintendent has ignored everything handed to them. Could you please send me a copy of this in pdf. Do you believe that there should be a complete ban or just restrictions. Students can record, analyse and assess their own performance, research rules and new ideas, set up activities themselves, record their achievements etc. To restrict the use of technology is something I can understand and advocate but to ban this technology would be take a lot away from their learning experience.
I teach a high school technology class in Dade City, Florida. I saw this article on a link from my Facebook page, and after reading it came up with a way to use it in my classroom.
- Detox Tea: Detox and Cleanse the Tasty Way (Detox Teas Book 1)?
- BYOD Policy & Legal;
- NPR’s Book Concierge!
- The Super Human Effect: My Quest For The Moment When Everything Changes.
Do I have your permission to duplicate the article and hand out to my kids for a lesson? I plan to use Poll Anywhere to have them answer questions about their own personal use of technology, then read the article and afterwards, have a fishbowl debate on the effects of technology on the developing brain, as we view the main points of the article on a Powerpoint slide show.
As a child psychiatrist, I see first hand how screen-time especially interactive impacts mood, cognition, and behavior by causing hyperarousal and overstimulation, leading to a dysregulated nervous system. In short, screen exposure repeatedly induces a stress response. This is the mechanism behind all the effects, including physical ones such as obesity and metabolic syndrome. The first intervention I do with every patients is to take them off all screens for weeks, followed by strict restriction or elimination thereafter. This greatly reduces the need for psychiatric medication, improves concentration, reading and math abilities, reduces mood swings, depression and aggression, and supports healthier social interactions—at home and at school.
It truly is a panacea. I agree with Cris Rowan on this recommendation. I am the mother of a seven-month-old girl. She is my first child, and I am a stay-at-home mom. I have a few questions:. For the last two months we have watched a 30 minute video two times a week on average. The bulk of our time is spent doing hands-on types of play, reading to her, and just giving her general affection. Given that so little if our time us watching the baby Einstein videos, are they really still that detrimental? While there may be some value to what is written in this article I find it to be a real concern regarding the mental illness paragraph that claims hand held devices causes autism.
It simplifies and incorrectly allows false assumptions to be made and perpetuated. To say to a parent looking for information regarding autism that hand held devices is a cause can turn out to be very cruel and can result in delaying the reality of what autism is and taking the steps necessary to providing our children with the education, medical and social strategies they need.
For anyone making a reference to a study as fact they need to provide the direct links to the actual studies. Parents should be able to read the actual study so they can determine if there is real merit or simply self-interest that influences the study results. Giving false hope is a terrible thing to do to families dealing with this issue. Has nothing been learned from the Andrew Wakefield and vaccine debacle?
I have 2 adult sons on the autism spectrum and I have seen more individuals challenged with autism and their families harmed by opinion and unproven statements presented as fact. We need to stop harming these families by presenting wishful thinking, or studies that are from self interest instead of proven and provable facts. Each family dealing with the challenge of autism needs to know their child and build a network of family, education, medical and legal professionals that know and understand their child and that will be a continually growing asset to that child.
I looked at the article from the Huffington post Bristol link. I have been looking at studies, conclusions, results, opinions and participating in studies for 20 years. Someone has that opinion fine but it needs to be made known that it is simply an opinion. Where is the data showing that diet, genetics and environment has been eliminated as cause for the child to have the issues listed in the article?
Studies are conducted looking at specific areas so by their very nature are slanted to a specific view. Studies conducted by questionnaire is the most subjective of all because it is depends on the interpretation by the individual answering the question. If someone else fills it out for a person or the question is worded to reflect a view point that also makes the study subjective not fact based. I have filled out many questionnaires that are looking for the same information but because the question is worded differently the answer is not the same.
All too often reporting and supporting a specific view fails to make it clear what is fact and what is conjecture. Actually I do believe the 2 hr recommendation was initially made rather arbitrarily, but since then studies seem to support it. There may be other studies too. As Ms. Rowen points out, there are now HUNDREDS of studies implicating screen-time in all sorts of conditions, and some of these show causation—not just association. I need to proofread! I enjoyed this article thank you for sharing it. I would love to read some of the articles your sited.
Can you share the reference list? Thank you! Please email us at info zonein. This is an extremist point of view that obviously discounts that intelligent, or rather INVOLVED parents are capable of providing reasonable direction or control…. It worked about as well as was depicted in the movie Flashdance. What is not addressed is the fact that hand held technology can just as easily replace the time that the previous generation spent watching TV and getting themselves epidemically obese [sic].
I appreciate that the author has exposure to many more children from differing parenting styles under the age of 12 than I do… but is it possible that it the role of the parents, and their involvement or lack thereof that is the issue… and secondarily an obvious balance that needs to come from other forms of entertainment, activity, or practical exposure? Hand held devices are not the problem; disengaged parents are. I notice the author lives in a spectacularly beautiful, and rural part of British Columbia, Canada. I live in Singapore, where congestion, competitiveness, technology are at the extreme opposite from the fresh air, laid back lifestyle and spectacle of mountains that Sechelt, BC offers.
Commonplace for my children is riding a crowded subway to their elementary school completing their blogs on the marvels of those mountains in BC from space as witnessed by Chris Hadfield. I look for opportunity to expose my children to technology and the marvels and opportunity that it presents in many facets of their development… Handheld technology is one small part of that exposure, and necessary its not, but potentially great it is.
I suppose I could take that view and wait for the government or some other banning authority that the author is lobbying for to try and make me more responsible…. Not so my friend, not so. Handhelds will never be banned, in fact they will continue in use until the chip implant, maybe with the google glasses somewhere in between. Then we will all be like characters in the Wall-E movie, lying on lounge chairs that move us about, interfacing with each other only in the virtual sense, not even caring any more about exercise, touch, human connection, or nature.
Leaving what? This article is intended to entice people such as yourself, to look at the facts, and understand that there are significant downsides to technology, and to also understand that technology overuse is prevalent in our tech obsessed society. As parent and teachers attach more and more to their devices, they are detaching from their children. In the absence of human connection and attachment, children cannot survive.
We know this, yet are compelled to buy more and more devices for our very young and most vulnerable. Children are our future, yet is there a future in virtual reality? If on the other hand, the child is using our national average of 7. I had two children on my caseload this week alone, one 3 and the other 4 years of age, receive diagnoses of Oppositional Conduct Disorder.
These are not bad children, and neither do they have bad parents, but they do use hours of tech per day, predominantly on their iPads, and they have explosive violence and tantrums that necessitated being suspended from daycare. This article is a wake-up call for parents, educators, health professionals, government, and technology production corporations to take a look at the research on the impact of technology on children, and curtail usage back to American Academy of Pediatrics and Canadian Society of Pediatric guidelines.
Figure out how to do incorporate more movement, touch, human connection, and nature based activities with children. Build better playgrounds and create outdoor family play spaces…nature trails, parks, things that will sustain our next generation, not destroy it, because the current ways in which we are raising and educating our children with technology are not sustainable. Flashdance was an excellent depiction of what every parent wants their child to be — full of grit, determination, and will to create change. The de-evolution of the human species has begun, and everyone seems too enamoured with their devices to even notice, much less care.
A bit melodramatic? Tech overuse is endemic in our culture now, and requires significant action on the part of parents, teachers, health professionals, government and technology production corporations to reduce the use and get kids back on track. I now understand after a few responses by you that you espouse a Balanced Technology Management principle, but your title in the very least is very misleading. Your title suggests that nobody is capable of providing Balanced Technology Management and so a banning authority needs to step in. I appreciate that you have done much research on the matter, but all that which underlies your research is lost on your extremist hook: [Ten Reasons] why handheld devices should be banned for children under the age of You are a credentialed authority who at first glance, and holistic readership of your article is calling for legislative action, without prejudice.
I suggest you clarify this position to the readers, and potential lawmakers who take your article at prima facie and who would act based upon your expert qualifications and opinion to limit civil liberties as a result. Dear Cris, thank you for this article. There are only few well-researched resources about this topic in German, so in my opinion your article would be of great value.
Greetings from Germany Klaus-Peter Kluge. Yes…of course! Possibly we could post your translated article to blog? Regarding translations, my book was recently translated by a university in China, and now available in Chinese. Communication technology is really amazing, and can be a great tool for adults.
And the use of hand-held devices seems like a major addiction in our world. Some of the comments above seem like denial or rationalizing. It does no good and lots of harm. The only benefit is for the parent who gets to have their child entertained and therefore the parent does not connect with the child a serous developmental loss for the child and the parent can spend more time on his or her devices.
We have been sold a bill of goods. I have been an early childhood educator for 25 years. In my experience and observations, it is totally apparent which children are experiencing a lot screen technology. Their play is not out of their own imagination, and boys especially tend to play more violently and aggressive. Help children develop the capacities they need to be able to be move freely and think for themselves. Then when they are older they will be ready to use the technology tools, not be used by them.
Great website Steve, and awesome work! Read you were on the Waldorf Board. I always asked kindergarten parents if they would agree to have no technology for their children on school days, and Sunday after dinner. That was a starting place, and throughout the school year I addressed various topics of what adults can do to foster healthy development on all levels. So at least one Parent Meeting per year was devoted to a discussion about electronic media. Good point…hence the title of my blog Moving To Learn! I spotted something incorrect with this.
You mention that grand theft auto 5 has rape in it. I can guarantee to you that this is incorrect, as I have played through the entire game and have played over hours. They should read the rules first rather than assume the game is the problem. Cameron said. Conversation with Dr. You have sex with prostitute BUT can kill her and take her money after sex.
Anytime a child is given a handheld and not supervised, they can access whatever their imagination leads them toward. Humans are very visual, and whatever images children view will be with them forever. When children view violent sexual images over and over, this is what the child becomes. One study I read said that adults who view porn on a regular basis, are three times less likely to view rape as rape.
Porn desensitizes very young children to view rape as normal. Fascinating article… As well as the comment section. However, recently I have developed an eye exercise iPhone app for use by children or adults from about 5yrs of age. The children are required to follow an object on the phone while the phone is being moved. I would appreciated it if you could have a look at it and let me know if you feel that this fits into the negative effects of using hand held technology. What an obscure conceptualization of technology and its influence on children. Undoubtedly there will be unforeseen consequences in terms of health that we should be cognizant of as that information becomes privy to the masses.
However, the upfront explanation that because technology has measurably changed the developmental process of children and that this change is intrinsically bad is all together a radical notion. Surely the invention of language drastically changed the developmental process in ways that were beyond understanding at its inception. From that, surely the tools of literacy such as chalk, pencils and books also had a profound impact.
The experience with the world became a far more cerebral and introspective with out a doubt. It would seem to me there is an implicit value judgement being made here that because external language can seem to be delayed, or that children are putting on weight, or having issues socializing that this is purely in correlation to technology. The focus here needs to be on two things. The first is that technology inherently changes the nature of how we interact with the world, as that is its purpose.
To assert that this is happening is redundant. The second is that creating a technological vacuum for children is antithetic to the reason why we develop technology in the first place. If a child is developing differently, the greater question of if that development is empirically bad does need to be assessed; questions can be asked that do not assume it is a completely negative experience.
Are there healthier ways to have a child engage with technology that mitigate what you would consider negative effects? If so, are certain technologies more prone to negative effects? Does that change at certain ages? Does gender identity or sex make a difference? Is it the physical technology that is inducing negative symptoms or is it a behavior that is promoted by the technology in the absence of external factors? That is to say, is leaving a child to their own devices, pardon the pun the cause, or is using the technology the cause.
Does the definition of physical addiction to technology even make sense for children in the context of immeasurable curiosity? Are physical health issues a direct result of technological advancement or a lack of a counter measure of putting an educational and behavioral emphasis on health and nutrition in general? We do not teach children in school the importance of being healthy, it is a learned behavior through social experience.
Would it be more useful to be additive with desired outcomes? That is to say, should we gear technology to promote values of physical and mental health. For instance games that require interaction in a meta-game, or that is outside the game. Games that have an element of physical fitness, just for examples. Studying the impact of how the things we create is important, but it is also important to see that underlying assertion; we made these things, and they can be remade or retooled to an ends we intend.
Although there will undoubtedly be negative consequences we cannot predict, it is an evolving process and we can always continue to better the devices and their utilization to constantly improve upon general human well being. Taking the stance that exposure to technology is bad is about as useful as suggesting that we should not give kids books, because they might stay inside and read.
This is a process of learning to work with what we have created to constantly better our selves not negate our accomplishments because of unintended consequence. Children now use technology 7. Handhelds were not included in KF research, so this figure is likely much higher, based on report by Common Sense Media. Babies, toddlers, and pre-schoolers have now entered into the virtual world, with Fisher Price now distributing iPad mounts for infant car seats, potty seats, and even an iPhone mount inside a teething ring. Duration, frequency and intensity of media exposure for very young children has increased markedly and rapidly.
Boys are into video games and porn, girls texting and facebook, and now 1 in 11 children ages years are addicted to technology Gentile D Indirect effect that is most worrisome is neglect. Using devices as soothers is creating significant issues with self-regulation. In the absence of a parent, who is connected to their device, children are attaching to devices as a default.
Touch deprivation and detachment are prolific in daycare and preschool settings. Misuse and poor management of technology in homes and schools is a significant problem. These children are extremely aggressive and have tantrums and meltdowns to the extent they can no longer attend daycare and school. Talk with teachers or early intervention staff about what they are seeing in the way of problematic child behaviour. This is not immeasurable curiosity.
We do not teach children in school the. Child obesity and diabetes are epidemic, in both Canada and the U. Any device activity is sedentary. Take the device away from the child, and they get up and move. Addictions to devices result in a child who is sedentary, isolate, overstimulated, and neglected. Studies show pro-social media results in pro-social skills, while anti-social media intentional harm results in anti-social behaviour. I see very good arguements for taking great care with content and quantity, but outright bans?
The immersion factor is worse the larger the screen, and literally, causes children to drop off of reality into the virtual world. Rewards drive human nature, especially boys. You should be embarrassed you wrote this and are perpetuating this senseless fear mongering. Whilst I agree that the tone if this article and the comments made by the author are slightly alarmist, there is good evidence provided for all of the points made by the author in the article. The link provided contains more than references, none of which I expect you or anyone else disagreeing with the research into this topic will read.
That is exactly the problem with publishing health information online, a lot of people will just stick to what they think is right and will not change their minds regardless of how much evidence they are presented with. I want to cry reading your post. A decade ago, after seeing child after child presenting with attention deficit, problematic behavior, poor self-regulation, motor delays, extreme aggression…all diagnosed as something or another, I started collating research on the impact of technology on children and was stunned.
This was a decade ago. Then came the iPad and iPhones, and it was as if the ground was literally sliding out from under me, and my colleagues. Check out the new Apptivity Seat by Fisher Price! You can also get an iPotty, or even a teething ring with iPhone mounted in the middle. You should take some consolation in the fact that I just finished the human development unit as part of my Bachelor of Behavioral Science, and all of the information contained in your article is also contained in the course material that new psychologists are learning.
So this information is getting out there, maybe just not as quickly as it could. Only a year ago they were producing some of the best toys on the market, and now this. Someone help YOU…no disrespect, but you are completely ignorant in this area! Btw…it is right mind…not write mind! Instead of making a case against the use of handheld devices and I assume fallout goes towards TV and computer use as well , I would like to see more articles addressing the issue of irresponsible parenting, and using technology as a substitute for parenting.
My son has had exposure to technology since he was 18 months old. He is now 6 years old and he knows how to operate a computer, an iPad, iphone, xbox, etc. Is he developmentally delayed? In fact, he is on the ball with his lessons. Is this because of his tech use? Is he an introvert? No, he loves playdates and making friends.
For one, I am responsible enough to supervise what he can and cannot do on these things. He is multi-national and apps like Freya and Friends or the Winston Show lets him get acquainted with different cultures and provides information from around the world. Does he get lost in his games? More so, as parents, we take time to make sure we spend some time with him when he is using technology eg. I believe it is important, more so than cautioning against the use of technology by young children, to educate parents. These devices are not babysitters. Nor should they replace parental interaction or rule.
I have seen other parents buying their children iPads at a young age and then leave them to use it as they please. That I do not agree with. Do I believe these kids are more prone to tantrums and bratty behavior because of technology? I am more inclined to agree that these kids I know are spoiled rotten by their parents rather than blame the iPad or iPhone. So…what would be your ideas for how to address the elephant in the room, irresponsible parenting? Thanks for the article Cris.
- Historical development of automation.
- How to Do Things With Videogames?
How can we persuade SD 46 teachers, administrators and school trustees to reduce or stop the proliferation of device-based teaching? Yet computer based and, more troublingly, wifi based devices are being used for more subjects and for younger children ie, does my Kindergartener need computer time??
What can be done to stop the trend? They requested I summarize relevant research to support this ban. I suggest you share this document with your colleagues, principals, special education teachers, school therapists, your local school boards, and media. Why not start this Friday in schools e. Plan to spend a lot of time on the playgrounds and outdoors, as movement and nature restore attention and learning. Maybe administer a test math, spelling and see how the students perform. Well…then this further supports reducing the use of technology.
Both causes seems futile. Please send your school board and school administration a link to this blog? This is why I wrote this article. Hi, Good article. This technology and children is not entirely a good thing in my opinion. Because of this our school is suggesting all students from age 5 will be taught to use Ipads or the like and although the school will provide all students access to Ipads they encourage parents to consider purchasing them for their children.
Surely education around the use of this technology should also be included in school. Are we able to use your research when communicating with our school on this very important issue? Please reference this document when communicating with schools. Why the whole education system is moving toward wide spread use of devices that have no proven benefits, and are posing risk of harm to children, is beyond understanding, and could be considered unethical.
Frankly, I think there is enough data out there that shows how effective multi sensory learning is so it maddens me to see schools flaunting technology like the panacea to all ills instead of using the tried, tested and more traditional techniques for learning…. What is astonishing is the data showing teachers have reduced printing instruction to 13 minutes per day in K-3 grades Graham S As literacy continues to decline Canada dropped out of the top ten in the PISA past year , schools use more and more technology, which cannot teach literacy.
I call this the Learning Paradox. Educators think computers teach, but they are only a tool that present factoids. The student has to then take those facts and critically analyze them, process, memorize, and assign meaning for eventual extrapolation. Teachers teach, computers entertain.
In the absence of the teacher, can the student learn? This is the big question. Every child I see, without exception, is a slow printer e. By grade 3, printing instruction is over, if they got it at all. Literacy is spatial, and requires teaching in the third dimension, not on a 2D screen.
5 Amazing Mechanical Devices from Muslim Civilisation | Inventions
The U. Take a wild guess which section of people did better. Video games are like anything else, they are actually very good and very healthy for you if used in moderation. I have parents telling me they are allowing unrestricted tech with their children, because of these studies. They really think their children are going to grow up to be a fighter pilot, or an eye surgeon.
These children are not going to grow up happy and healthy with functional relationships and jobs. Parents will be lucky if they even leave the house. The most common comments by people who attend my workshops center around what to do with the drop out in their basement, who is addicted to porn and video games boys , or texting and facebook girls. Good article…disappointing comments. A little unfair to say these children will FAIL in literacy, not graduate high school or become leaders of our next generation…. I am also curious as to what other factors the patients you treat may be contributing to their problems?
How many children do you treat with the same problems or issues are not exposed to technology at all? This study was initially conducted in by Paul Kershaw a social scientist, and then repeated again in with same results. Kershaw P. Retrieved on Sept. Thank-you for writing such a great article. I am a mother of two boys and Ive seen with my own eyes clear developmental delays and anti social behaviour just within my own community in children that are overexposed or exposed too early to screen time.
My almost Two year old has almost never watched TV, he loves climbing trees, playing in the sandpit, helping me in the garden and with jobs around the house.
He has never played video games and thankfully the other children in our street dont either they play ball games and climb trees and make Billy carts and generally entertain themselves all while learning important socail skills and having fun at the same time and learning to love and participate in life. To me its common sense that young and developing children are better off with minimal screen time.
Chris your research and time in sharing evidence based facts is so worthwhile. Im sure its helping to create a shift in our culture that is really needed. To summarize, video games are resulting in less activity in the frontal cortex, known for impulse control and executive function.
So many parents use screens, and I understand why they do, but I also think that most parents have no idea what they and their children are missing. Eliminating it all together during the early years can actually be much easier. Thanks for posting this and researching this. I would like to pose a challenge to all to follow through with this unplug, but am especially interested in the naysayers experience e. When this show debuted, they touted that it was based on research that showed the average attention span of the target age group was something like 30 seconds.
Therefore their segments were seconds long. Sending my child to a Waldorf school and shutting off the TV when he was awake taught me the value of a calmer environment. I would love to see some research as to whether the short attention span we require of our children has actually decreased the ability of children to attend.
He also found in a group of 4 year olds, a significant decline in cognitive function memory, distraction, attention after 9 minute exposure to fast paced cartoon Spongebobs 1 screen change per second. What was interesting about this study was control group watched 9 minutes of Caiou with no detrimental effects, which changes screens every 11 seconds. Following is link to Dr. Many teachers say children will only pay attention to technology information, yet the technology format may be contributing to growing attention deficit.
There is a reason for that. Not the fault of technology. What about sports, dating, camping, riding bikes, travelling, etc? Why are you telling people what to do? I have lived on 3 continents, visited over 25 countries, have 2 post grads and am working on a third , have a healthy relationship…..
Always have. I echo your sentiments to respect individual choice, and generally this is my philosophy, but I also believe in education and prevention. I think not. Well, if we are going to talk personal stories, as an primary educator who has a one to one iPad program in my class and uses them for literacy, numeracy, research, logic problems, phonemic awareness, communication, responsibility and even behaviour! If you let your kid stay up and play 18 hours of Farmville every day, then of course they will have problems.
It also means you are a very poor parent. You say you have seen a decline in learning over the last decade…. The other 6? Or did you see kids rocking Palm Pilots back in the day. I work in the video game industry and I have a psychology degree. I am disappointed with the lack of links to the studies and minimal citations in this article. I would argue this article is more agenda driven than scientifically driven. While I agree with certain sentiments of the article, handheld devices should definitely not be banned for those under With regards to violent video games and violent media , much of the scientific evidence is mixed.
You tie it to technology, when the main culprit is school and class schedules. Following is a meta-analytic study showing violent video games increase aggression and aggression-related variables and decrease prosocial outcomes. Children who are allowed devices in their bedrooms at night, have much higher rates of sleep deprivation. Ask any parent. We can dispute the research, or not, but when one considers all the areas technology impacts children…. What has happen to parents are we getting lazy with everything in life, not teaching any values, no discipline, nothing…i wait on tables i see everything, to throwing food on the floor….
Please provide references to your in text citations. For instance Tremblay means nothing without information about the original article or scholarly work. It could be an expert or it could be someone named Tremblay the writer just talked to in This blog has had , unique viewers to date. I find this article rife with common misconceptions often held people with poor understanding of technology. The premise is these technological devices ultimately cause harm. Logically speaking, highly impossible, seeing as they are inanimate objects. Tools to be used intelligently. As an educator working with children with learning difficulties, reading problems, and a variety of other struggles, never has it been more effective to use such technology to reach out to these kids in alternative ways.
Spelling, counting, reading and vocabulary, having concepts explained and illustrated in bright videos — these are things that generations before now had to do without. Correlation does NOT equal causation. It is very dangerous to make assumptions based on correlations. There have been absolutely no concrete studies proving the detrimental effects of video-games violent or not — this is subjective.
On the contrary, video games have been proven beneficial for the developing brain — problem solving, co-operating, planning, foresight, ethics — these are all things that one could benefit from by playing video games. To have this unhealthy distrust of technology screams of miseducation and fear-mongering.
This sort of thinking is exactly the same as people being afraid of light-bulbs when they were first invented. To hide children from the world is irresponsible. Misinformation is the worst kind of harm. The solution for kids spending too much time staring at their screens? How about parents start learning how exactly their world works, accept and learn how the technology works instead of cowering and finger-pointing , and explain to their kids about responsibility and time management? Too much work, easier just to ban things rather than take time to understand them, right?
I still stand by what I said. Again, technology is not a living thing, and thus it cannot cause harm on its own. A child with reading difficulties may keep trying to read if given a nice tablet that helps with reading with pictures, sounds, videos etc. As far as violence, you greatly underestimate the intelligence of kids.
They are able to tell the difference between a fantasy and real-life. Now they have a new platform. But the educated, forward thinking section of society has gotten around by inventing measures Caller ID, no-call list, laws, etc.. The internet did not cause cyberbullying. Bullies will bully — in any way they can. Where are the parents and teachers when the bullying is happening? Why are parents letting their minors sign up for facebook without even knowing what their child does on the internet when home-alone?
If you would like to look at causation for a change — how about looking at specific parenting styles? School violence? Violent video games? Absolutely no concrete connection. Blaming a piece of plastic is just irresponsible. Too often, the parents have no clue how to use a device, let the kid have free reign, then come crying and blame the device when something goes wrong.
Too often, false sensationalist facts spread by articles like this are the only places parents get their info from. If this sort of fear-mongering trend continues, it will only serve to reduce access to resources.
Site Search Navigation
It is selfish and regressive. Do you? I am now 24 years old, and coming from parents who were born in the s, they know little of technology. Having said that, me and my brother used to play video games all the time when we were younger. Games from the original GTA, fighting games, to sport games, and so on, and we turned out pretty good… graduated university, have friends, very social, are not obese, and have full time jobs. The list goes on, and to say that technology is causing all of these problems is absolutely out of context.
Even though people clearly disagree and sometimes not nicely , you have responded respectfully, engagingly, and non-defensively. The maturity and self-control that requires, around an issue that you are obviously passionate about and experienced in, has not gone unnoticed. In reading the comments I see you kindly say time and again you merely want this technology use intentionally monitored by conscientious parents and creative play encouraged but there is no such soft disclaimer in your article as you are dealing with the extreme cases and the data you pulled from them.
You have used your intellectual authority to strike a wedge between family members. Something along the lines of the digital candy vs. For the record I am definitely in the brocolli camp. Secondly we are failing our children, I agree whole-heartedly, they are visual learners and experiential learners and yet we are still plying them with dry factoid memory examinations that are proven to kill any enthusiasm for learning.
Guess what? Until education is reformed to include and stimulate the visual and experiential learners I am grateful to have these options. I understand your son is long grown and things have changed but not everything is nessecarily for the worst. Thirdly there is huge cultural capital and future prospects in being computer literate.
There are many professions that require it as a basic skill, not to mention the many positions in that sector itself that are a natural fit for young adults to bring their enthusiasm to. A passion for video games easily translates into learning to write game code, or character animation. The video game industry makes more moneyed employes more people than the movie industry, Hollywood and Bollywood combined. Contrary to what you seem to believe video games have evolved to be complex social forums, and can be a safe forum for a shy child to develop social confidence and personal skills.
They also provide a dangerous world-safe place to explore adventurous play. Damning the lot of tablet and computer users as having all those issues is alarmist and missing the bigger picture that for better and for worse this is our world now. I admire your tenacity in replying to this stream of comments, thank you for remaining accountable and grounded. I think too many people use the anominity of the internet to fire off their frustrated hated filled missives which your article might fit into if not for the fact you care enough to defend it. The request for a ban on handhelds for children under the age of 12 years was evidenced by research which documented significant problems in high tech users, and therefore speaks predominantly to this group, as well as to schools.
While many children, parents, and teachers use technology responsibly hours per day max, nothing for This request for a ban on handheld technology with children under the age of 12 years, was evidenced by existing research demonstrating detrimental effects of technology overuse in a number of developmental areas.
Knowing the facts, and proceeding with caution regarding technology use, especially with young children, is urgent and imperative. Yes…many children, parents, and teachers use technology within recommended guidelines hours per day, nothing years, no violent media I can understand many of the points, but find the science to be incomplete. Even some ubiquitous studies claiming detrimental effects on the brain suffer from the fact that a number of the subjects experienced symptoms before the handheld devices were invented.
What would be better would be general moderation, and better assessment for aptitude and suitability of technology. Ultimately, some of the assertions are true, and some are sort of true. It is my overwhelming wish that each person get the greatest opportunities possible to succeed in life and become the best person he or she can be. For some, that becomes a reality when they HAVE the technology from a young age. For others, it becomes a reality when their exposure to the technology is delayed and limited. But a categorical chart and list such as in this article are misleading and irresponsible.
I cannot agree with a ban for all children under I cannot agree with a ban for any. But responsible analysis is of paramount importance. My year old son is my greatest teacher. And he has had technology from a very young age. Thank you for all of your research and time that you put into what you do.
As a Special Education Teacher for Home Schooling families and huge advocate for Occupational Therapy and many other therapies of course , I am going to share this article with as many people as I can. I have read much of this research myself, but this summarizes it all beautifully, so I applaud you for that. I am constantly researching and discussing with parents, friends, and family about the increase in diagnoses in children that profoundly affect their lives ASD, SPD, CDC, etc. Screen time is just one reason, but a huge one. Keep up all the hard work! We need people like you!
Blessings, Kristine. My guess is that this article has struck a nerve with many readers. It is the nature of good science and research for people to disagree and object. It is how the scientific method works. While I certainly agree with overuse and unsupervised children using all the new technology out there, this article makes it seems like that if you let your child use your iPad, they are going to end up delayed, low functioning, overweight, and have a mental illness, especially in regards to the accompanied chart.
My oldest is ten so he started using iPads and such a bit later than the rest. I do supervise and am very well aware of what they have access to on television, their video games, and any handheld devices they have. We do not allow any truly violent video games ninja turtles has been approved and screen everything before they use it. They are all involved in sports each season and there is a reasonable limit on how much tech they get each day.
My five year old preschooler tested higher than all of his peers going into preschool this year and has been reading since he was two year old. When he was tested at a year and half old, he actually tested at a four year olds range in regards to his verbal skills. None have any issues with aggression or are in the least bit overweight.
It seems to me there has to be a middle ground. Way to go Mom of eight. You are a shining example of balancing technology with healthy activity! Many of the responders have jumped into the battle here regarding kids use of technology but the real message here is about everyone limiting their use of technology because people are not connecting with each other, what Cris refers to as attachment. As a speech-language pathologist, I have been wondering why I have been getting more and more referrals for children in kindergarten over the last few years.
Yes, kids are drawn to technology and some parents are happy to have their kids engaged in something. But parents are busy on their technology so much of the time and they are not engaging with their children. Thus, children are not developing speech, language, literacy and social skills like they used to. Put it all away! Talk and play with your kids. Go outside. Help your children learn social rules. Read a book or two…or ten. Get real! For my family with a tween boy, the cat is out of the bag as far as technology goes…his friends play video games and it varies a lot between families in terms of what kind of games are allowed.
For us, no first-person shooter games and violence is an aspect that I draw a firm line on most of the time. But I think the real job here is to help our children learn to navigate this world. Poverty is a major factor in these issues with children. I would much rather see us spend our time fighting poverty and the devastating ways in which it affects developing brains. Clearly there are folks who let their kids play too much and play games that are not developmentally appropriate and some may never be appropriate in my opinion.
We can certainly educate in that area as we do with nutrition and exercise. There has to be a balance here. This is interesting and worth considering. That being said, I have a 3 year old who can read books and sound out words, at about a 2nd — 3rd grade reading level has memorized all 50 U. I always credited a lot of that to his exposure to technology from a young age 3 months he started watching short YouTube cartoons. We never really let him watch violent things, just educational, but I am embarrassed to admit we were not always conservative with how long he spent doing it.
I think this article does come across as alarmist and that is the last thing most parents need. We cannot prove that overuse of technology is a causal factor in mental illness, for one thing. Mental health diagnosis is a tricky business with many flaws. Many are misdiagnosed or have their diagnoses changed over time. For me, when I read statements like that it does taint the validity of the article. Just because you site studies, does not necessarily support the claim.
One has to look at the funding sources, control groups, validity of measures, can the study be duplicated, etc. I think we are living in a very challenging time as parents…. I like to think about what my children are missing out on during their screen time…socializing, daydreaming, creating, exploring…. I think many children who suffer from overuse of technology are also vulnerable to many other problems caused by their environment. I think your colleague, Andy, is also dumbing this down to too basic of an argument. What would help you as a parent to make informed decisions regarding technology use by your children, and what tools or strategies would you need to help?
Dumb down for sure with a lot of fear mongering! People are so afraid of everything. Barbara, you are entirely correct, not all research studies are performed well. No research paper can be published in a scientific peer reviewed journal, which are the only trustworthy sources of scientific information, without going through the peer review process. It is this process that guarantees scientific research has been performed and reported on in the correct manner.
This goes in some way to helping you with your next statement about not having outcomes to refer to in order to guide your decisions with technology use and children. The reports about outcomes you are talking about are exactly what is contained in the scientific research. Scientists perform these experiments and them report on them for that exact reason. I implore you only to trust information contained in peer reviewed research papers and disregard the information you get from any other source.
The purpose of referencing an article such as this one is so that you can actually go and read the information for yourself. Of course there are other factors that are important in child development, but it would be impossible to name them all in one article. What have you got to lose by looking at the original research papers cited in this article other than learning something about the impact of personal entertainment devices on child development.
I would tend to agree with the others that real research is what is needed for these areas, very little of which is discussed here. Precisely my point. I mean no disrespect, but your research methodology is completely opaque and therefore just comes across as a smattering of citations which seem to have little in common, other than that they serve to help explain your hypothesis. For example, Princeton Univ.
But none of that is cited here.
BYOD Security & Privacy
How did you choose what you included in your fact sheet? What criteria drove your search? That description of your process would make it worthwhile; otherwise it just reads like a long blog post. About a decade ago I came to the realization that we were actively diagnosing problematic child behaviours as mental illness.
I thought this was wrong, and prevented proper care. I started asking these children how much technology they were exposed to, and found it was high. I knew nothing at the time about the impact of technology on child behaviour, so I started collating research, primarily through journal reviews, but also by attending conferences, courses, and now, as a member of a number of advocacy organizations promoting education, research, and treatment of technology addictions. It was as if I were putting the pieces of a complex puzzle together, and still does, as tech overuse impacts so many areas of function.
This project resulted in my most recent initiatives of creating a program called Crash-N-Bump which is a full day of rough and tumble play in the local hall on really cool and fun gym equipment. Whole families and classrooms attend, and are regularly getting kids per week in a community of people. Will carry on collating research and doing educational workshops, in the hope that through creation of teams of concerned people, we can discover what it really means to be a parent, a teacher, a therapist.
Thank you for you interest in what drives me to do what I do. This conversation highlights an interesting conversation with Chris Rowan and clearly demonstrates that the general public has little understaning of scientific literacy nor the ability to determine whether a claim is true or false. I think the only way we will ever address this is to revist K science curriculum. I had 21 years of classroom experience prior to working with adults for the last 5 years.